Amazon SCS-C02 dumps

Amazon SCS-C02 Exam Dumps

AWS Certified Security - Specialty
908 Reviews

Exam Code SCS-C02
Exam Name AWS Certified Security - Specialty
Questions 327 Questions Answers With Explanation
Update Date July 15,2024
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Amazon SCS-C02 Sample Questions

Question # 1

A company has AWS accounts in an organization in AWS Organizations. The organizationincludes a dedicated security account.All AWS account activity across all member accounts must be logged and reported to thededicated security account. The company must retain all the activity logs in a securestorage location within the dedicated security account for 2 years. No changes or deletions of the logs are allowed.Which combination of steps will meet these requirements with the LEAST operationaloverhead? (Select TWO.)

A. In the dedicated security account, create an Amazon S3 bucket. Configure S3 ObjectLock in compliance mode and a retention period of 2 years on the S3 bucket. Set thebucket policy to allow the organization's management account to write to the S3 bucket.
B. In the dedicated security account, create an Amazon S3 bucket. Configure S3 ObjectLock in compliance mode and a retention period of 2 years on the S3 bucket. Set thebucket policy to allow the organization's member accounts to write to the S3 bucket.
C. In the dedicated security account, create an Amazon S3 bucket that has an S3 Lifecycleconfiguration that expires objects after 2 years. Set the bucket policy to allow theorganization's member accounts to write to the S3 bucket.
D. Create an AWS Cloud Trail trail for the organization. Configure logs to be delivered tothe logging Amazon S3 bucket in the dedicated security account.
E. Turn on AWS CloudTrail in each account. Configure logs to be delivered to an AmazonS3 bucket that is created in the organization's management account. Forward the logs tothe S3 bucket in the dedicated security account by using AWS Lambda and AmazonKinesis Data Firehose.



Question # 2

A company wants to monitor the deletion of customer managed CMKs A security engineermust create an alarm that will notify the company before a CMK is deleted The securityengineer has configured the integration of IAM CloudTrail with Amazon CloudWatchWhat should the security engineer do next to meet this requirement?

A. Use inbound rule 100 to allow traffic on TCP port 443 Use inbound rule 200 to denytraffic on TCP port 3306 Use outbound rule 100 to allow traffic on TCP port 443
B. Use inbound rule 100 to deny traffic on TCP port 3306. Use inbound rule 200 to allowtraffic on TCP port range 1024-65535. Use outbound rule 100 to allow traffic on TCP port443
C. Use inbound rule 100 to allow traffic on TCP port range 1024-65535 Use inbound rule200 to deny traffic on TCP port 3306 Use outbound rule 100 to allow traffic on TCP port443
D. Use inbound rule 100 to deny traffic on TCP port 3306 Use inbound rule 200 to allowtraffic on TCP port 443 Use outbound rule 100 to allow traffic on TCP port 443



Question # 3

A company has implemented IAM WAF and Amazon CloudFront for an application. Theapplication runs on Amazon EC2 instances that are part of an Auto Scaling group. TheAuto Scaling group is behind an Application Load Balancer (ALB).The IAM WAF web ACL uses an IAM Managed Rules rule group and is associated with theCloudFront distribution. CloudFront receives the request from IAM WAF and then uses theALB as the distribution's origin.During a security review, a security engineer discovers that the infrastructure is susceptibleto a large, layer 7 DDoS attack.How can the security engineer improve the security at the edge of the solution to defendagainst this type of attack?

A. Configure the CloudFront distribution to use the Lambda@Edge feature. Create an IAMLambda function that imposes a rate limit on CloudFront viewer requests. Block the requestif the rate limit is exceeded.
B. Configure the IAM WAF web ACL so that the web ACL has more capacity units toprocess all IAM WAF rules faster.
C. Configure IAM WAF with a rate-based rule that imposes a rate limit that automaticallyblocks requests when the rate limit is exceeded.
D. Configure the CloudFront distribution to use IAM WAF as its origin instead of the ALB.



Question # 4

An IT department currently has a Java web application deployed on Apache Tomcatrunning on Amazon EC2 instances. All traffic to the EC2 instances is sent through aninternet-facing Application Load Balancer (ALB) The Security team has noticed during thepast two days thousands of unusual read requests coming from hundreds of IP addresses.This is causing the Tomcat server to run out of threads and reject new connectionsWhich the SIMPLEST change that would address this server issue?

A. Create an Amazon CloudFront distribution and configure the ALB as the origin
B. Block the malicious IPs with a network access list (NACL).
C. Create an IAM Web Application Firewall (WAF). and attach it to the ALB
D. Map the application domain name to use Route 53



Question # 5

A company recently had a security audit in which the auditors identified multiple potentialthreats. These potential threats can cause usage pattern changes such as DNS access peak, abnormal instance traffic, abnormal network interface traffic, and unusual Amazon S3API calls. The threats can come from different sources and can occur at any time. Thecompany needs to implement a solution to continuously monitor its system and identify allthese incoming threats in near-real time.Which solution will meet these requirements?

A. Enable AWS CloudTrail logs, VPC flow logs, and DNS logs. Use Amazon CloudWatchLogs to manage these logs from a centralized account.
B. Enable AWS CloudTrail logs, VPC flow logs, and DNS logs. Use Amazon Macie tomonitor these logs from a centralized account.
C. Enable Amazon GuardDuty from a centralized account. Use GuardDuty to manageAWS CloudTrail logs, VPC flow logs, and DNS logs.
D. Enable Amazon Inspector from a centralized account. Use Amazon Inspector to manageAWS CloudTrail logs, VPC flow logs, and DNS logs.



Question # 6

A company has multiple Amazon S3 buckets encrypted with customer-managed CMKsDue to regulatory requirements the keys must be rotated every year. The company'sSecurity Engineer has enabled automatic key rotation for the CMKs; however the companywants to verity that the rotation has occurred.What should the Security Engineer do to accomplish this?

A. Filter IAM CloudTrail logs for KeyRotaton events
B. Monitor Amazon CloudWatcn Events for any IAM KMS CMK rotation events
C. Using the IAM CLI. run the IAM kms gel-key-relation-status operation with the --key-idparameter to check the CMK rotation date
D. Use Amazon Athena to query IAM CloudTrail logs saved in an S3 bucket to filterGenerate New Key events



Question # 7

A security engineer needs to build a solution to turn IAM CloudTrail back on in multiple IAMRegions in case it is ever turned off.What is the MOST efficient way to implement this solution?

A. Use IAM Config with a managed rule to trigger the IAM-EnableCloudTrail remediation.
B. Create an Amazon EventBridge (Amazon CloudWatch Events) event with acloudtrail.amazonIAM.com event source and a StartLogging event name to trigger an IAMLambda function to call the StartLogging API.
C. Create an Amazon CloudWatch alarm with a cloudtrail.amazonIAM.com event sourceand a StopLogging event name to trigger an IAM Lambda function to call the StartLoggingAPI.
D. Monitor IAM Trusted Advisor to ensure CloudTrail logging is enabled.



Question # 8

An application is running on an Amazon EC2 instance that has an IAM role attached. TheIAM role provides access to an AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) customermanaged key and an Amazon S3 bucket. The key is used to access 2 TB of sensitive datathat is stored in the S3 bucket.A security engineer discovers a potential vulnerability on the EC2 instance that could resultin the compromise of the sensitive data. Due to other critical operations, the securityengineer cannot immediately shut down the EC2 instance for vulnerability patching.What is the FASTEST way to prevent the sensitive data from being exposed?

A. Download the data from the existing S3 bucket to a new EC2 instance. Then delete thedata from the S3 bucket. Re-encrypt the data with a client-based key. Upload the data to anew S3 bucket.
B. Block access to the public range of S3 endpoint IP addresses by using a host-basedfirewall. Ensure that internet-bound traffic from the affected EC2 instance is routed throughthe host-based firewall.
C. Revoke the IAM role's active session permissions. Update the S3 bucket policy to denyaccess to the IAM role. Remove the IAM role from the EC2 instance profile.
D. Disable the current key. Create a new KMS key that the IAM role does not have accessto, and re-encrypt all the data with the new key. Schedule the compromised key fordeletion.



Question # 9

A company uses Amazon API Gateway to present REST APIs to users. An API developerwants to analyze API access patterns without the need to parse the log files.Which combination of steps will meet these requirements with the LEAST effort? (SelectTWO.)

A. Configure access logging for the required API stage.
B. Configure an AWS CloudTrail trail destination for API Gateway events. Configure filterson the userldentity, userAgent, and sourcelPAddress fields.
C. Configure an Amazon S3 destination for API Gateway logs. Run Amazon Athenaqueries to analyze API access information.
D. Use Amazon CloudWatch Logs Insights to analyze API access information.
E. Select the Enable Detailed CloudWatch Metrics option on the required API stage.



Question # 10

A company has an application that uses dozens of Amazon DynamoDB tables to storedata. Auditors find that the tables do not comply with the company's data protection policy.The company's retention policy states that all data must be backed up twice each month:once at midnight on the 15th day of the month and again at midnight on the 25th day of themonth. The company must retain the backups for 3 months.Which combination of steps should a security engineer take to meet these re-quirements?(Select TWO.)

A. Use the DynamoDB on-demand backup capability to create a backup plan. Con-figure alifecycle policy to expire backups after 3 months.
B. Use AWS DataSync to create a backup plan. Add a backup rule that includes a retentionperiod of 3 months.
C. Use AVVS Backup to create a backup plan. Add a backup rule that includes a retentionperiod of 3 months.
D. Set the backup frequency by using a cron schedule expression. Assign eachDynamoDB table to the backup plan.
E. Set the backup frequency by using a rate schedule expression. Assign each DynamoDBtable to the backup plan.



Question # 11

A company has multiple departments. Each department has its own IAM account. All theseaccounts belong to the same organization in IAM Organizations.A large .csv file is stored in an Amazon S3 bucket in the sales department's IAM account.The company wants to allow users from the other accounts to access the .csv file's contentthrough the combination of IAM Glue and Amazon Athena. However, the company doesnot want to allow users from the other accounts to access other files in the same folder.Which solution will meet these requirements?

A. Apply a user policy in the other accounts to allow IAM Glue and Athena lo access the.csv We.
B. Use S3 Select to restrict access to the .csv lie. In IAM Glue Data Catalog, use S3 Selectas the source of the IAM Glue database.
C. Define an IAM Glue Data Catalog resource policy in IAM Glue to grant cross-account S3object access to the .csv file.
D. Grant IAM Glue access to Amazon S3 in a resource-based policy that specifies theorganization as the principal.



Question # 12

A development team is attempting to encrypt and decode a secure string parameter fromthe IAM Systems Manager Parameter Store using an IAM Key Management Service (IAMKMS) CMK. However, each attempt results in an error message being sent to the development team.Which CMK-related problems possibly account for the error? (Select two.)

A. The CMK is used in the attempt does not exist.
B. The CMK is used in the attempt needs to be rotated.
C. The CMK is used in the attempt is using the CMK€™s key ID instead of the CMK ARN.
D. The CMK is used in the attempt is not enabled.
E. The CMK is used in the attempt is using an alias.



Question # 13

A company in France uses Amazon Cognito with the Cognito Hosted Ul as an identitybroker for sign-in and sign-up processes. The company is marketing an application andexpects that all the application's users will come from France.When the company launches the application the company's security team observesfraudulent sign-ups for the application. Most of the fraudulent registrations are from usersoutside of France.The security team needs a solution to perform custom validation at sign-up Based on theresults of the validation the solution must accept or deny the registration request.Which combination of steps will meet these requirements? (Select TWO.)

A. Create a pre sign-up AWS Lambda trigger. Associate the Amazon Cognito function withthe Amazon Cognito user pool.
B. Use a geographic match rule statement to configure an AWS WAF web ACL. Associatethe web ACL with the Amazon Cognito user pool.
C. Configure an app client for the application's Amazon Cognito user pool. Use the appclient ID to validate the requests in the hosted Ul.
D. Update the application's Amazon Cognito user pool to configure a geographic restrictionsetting.
E. Use Amazon Cognito to configure a social identity provider (IdP) to validate the requestson the hosted Ul.



Question # 14

A company's IAM account consists of approximately 300 IAM users. Now there is amandate that an access change is required for 100 IAM users to have unlimited privilegesto S3.As a system administrator, how can you implement this effectively so that there is noneed to apply the policy at the individual user level?Please select:

A. Create a new role and add each user to the IAM role
B. Use the IAM groups and add users, based upon their role, to different groups and applythe policy to group
C. Create a policy and apply it to multiple users using a JSON script
D. Create an S3 bucket policy with unlimited access which includes each user's IAMaccount ID



Question # 15

A company needs to encrypt all of its data stored in Amazon S3. The company wants touse IAM Key Management Service (IAM KMS) to create and manage its encryption keys.The company's security policies require the ability to Import the company's own keymaterial for the keys, set an expiration date on the keys, and delete keys immediately, ifneeded.How should a security engineer set up IAM KMS to meet these requirements?

A. Configure IAM KMS and use a custom key store. Create a customer managed CMK withno key material Import the company's keys and key material into the CMK
B. Configure IAM KMS and use the default Key store Create an IAM managed CMK withno key material Import the company's key material into the CMK
C. Configure IAM KMS and use the default key store Create a customer managed CMKwith no key material import the company's key material into the CMK
D. Configure IAM KMS and use a custom key store. Create an IAM managed CMK with nokey material. Import the company's key material into the CMK.



Question # 16

A company has an organization in AWS Organizations. The company wants to use AWSCloudFormation StackSets in the organization to deploy various AWS design patterns intoenvironments. These patterns consist of Amazon EC2 instances, Elastic Load Balancing(ELB) load balancers, Amazon RDS databases, and Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service(Amazon EKS) clusters or Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) clusters.Currently, the company's developers can create their own CloudFormation stacks toincrease the overall speed of delivery. A centralized CI/CD pipeline in a shared servicesAWS account deploys each CloudFormation stack.The company's security team has already provided requirements for each service inaccordance with internal standards. If there are any resources that do not comply with theinternal standards, the security team must receive notification to take appropriate action.The security team must implement a notification solution that gives developers the ability tomaintain the same overall delivery speed that they currently have.Which solution will meet these requirements in the MOST operationally efficient way?

A. Create an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic. Subscribe thesecurity team's email addresses to the SNS topic. Create a custom AWS Lambda functionthat will run the aws cloudformation validate-template AWS CLI command on all CloudFormation templates before the build stage in the CI/CD pipeline. Configure theCI/CD pipeline to publish a notification to the SNS topic if any issues are found.
B. Create an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic. Subscribe thesecurity team's email addresses to the SNS topic. Create custom rules in CloudFormationGuard for each resource configuration. In the CllCD pipeline, before the build stage,configure a Docker image to run the cfn-guard command on the CloudFormation template.Configure the CI/CD pipeline to publish a notification to the SNS topic if any issues arefound.
C. Create an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic and an Am-azonSimple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) queue. Subscribe the security team's emailaddresses to the SNS topic. Create an Amazon S3 bucket in the shared services AWSaccount. Include an event notification to publish to the SQS queue when new objects areadded to the S3 bucket. Require the de-velopers to put their CloudFormation templates inthe S3 bucket. Launch EC2 instances that automatically scale based on the SQS queuedepth. Con-figure the EC2 instances to use CloudFormation Guard to scan the templatesand deploy the templates if there are no issues. Configure the CllCD pipe-line to publish anotification to the SNS topic if any issues are found.
D. Create a centralized CloudFormation stack set that includes a standard set of resourcesthat the developers can deploy in each AWS account. Configure each CloudFormationtemplate to meet the security requirements. For any new resources or configurations,update the CloudFormation template and send the template to the security team for review.When the review is com-pleted, add the new CloudFormation stack to the repository for thedevel-opers to use.



Question # 17

A company's policy requires that all API keys be encrypted and stored separately fromsource code in a centralized security account. This security account is managed by thecompany's security team However, an audit revealed that an API key is steed with thesource code of an IAM Lambda function m an IAM CodeCommit repository in the DevOpsaccountHow should the security learn securely store the API key?

A. Create a CodeCommit repository in the security account using IAM Key ManagementService (IAM KMS) tor encryption Require the development team to migrate the Lambdasource code to this repository
B. Store the API key in an Amazon S3 bucket in the security account using server-sideencryption with Amazon S3 managed encryption keys (SSE-S3) to encrypt the key Createa resigned URL tor the S3 key. and specify the URL m a Lambda environmental variable inthe IAM CloudFormation template Update the Lambda function code to retrieve the keyusing the URL and call the API
C. Create a secret in IAM Secrets Manager in the security account to store the API keyusing IAM Key Management Service (IAM KMS) tor encryption Grant access to the IAMrole used by the Lambda function so that the function can retrieve the key from Secrets Manager and call the API
D. Create an encrypted environment variable for the Lambda function to store the API keyusing IAM Key Management Service (IAM KMS) tor encryption Grant access to the IAMrole used by the Lambda function so that the function can decrypt the key at runtime



Question # 18

Example.com is hosted on Amazon EC2 instances behind an Application Load Balancer(ALB). Third-party host intrusion detection system (HIDS) agents that capture the traffic ofthe EC2 instance are running on each host. The company must ensure they are usingprivacy enhancing technologies for users, without losing the assurance the third-partysolution offers.What is the MOST secure way to meet these requirements?

A. Enable TLS pass through on the ALB, and handle decryption at the server using EllipticCurve Diffie-Hellman (ECDHE) cipher suites.
B. Create a listener on the ALB that uses encrypted connections with Elliptic Curve Diffie-Hellman (ECDHE) cipher suites, and pass the traffic in the clear to the server.
C. Create a listener on the ALB that uses encrypted connections with Elliptic Curve Diffie- Hellman (ECDHE) cipher suites, and use encrypted connections to the servers that do notenable Perfect Forward Secrecy (PFS).
D. Create a listener on the ALB that does not enable Perfect Forward Secrecy (PFS) ciphersuites, and use encrypted connections to the servers using Elliptic Curve Diffie-Hellman(ECDHE) cipher suites.



Question # 19

A company wants to receive an email notification about critical findings in AWS SecurityHub. The company does not have an existing architecture that supports this functionality.Which solution will meet the requirement?

A. Create an AWS Lambda function to identify critical Security Hub findings. Create anAmazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic as the target of the Lambdafunction. Subscribe an email endpoint to the SNS topic to receive published messages.
B. Create an Amazon Kinesis Data Firehose delivery stream. Integrate the delivery stream with Amazon EventBridge. Create an EventBridge rule that has a filter to detect criticalSecurity Hub findings. Configure the delivery stream to send the findings to an emailaddress.
C. Create an Amazon EventBridge rule to detect critical Security Hub findings. Create anAmazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic as the target of the EventBridgerule. Subscribe an email endpoint to the SNS topic to receive published messages.
D. Create an Amazon EventBridge rule to detect critical Security Hub findings. Create anAmazon Simple Email Service (Amazon SES) topic as the target of the EventBridge rule.Use the Amazon SES API to format the message. Choose an email address to be therecipient of the message.



Question # 20

A company has recently recovered from a security incident that required the restoration ofAmazon EC2 instances from snapshots. After performing a gap analysis of its disaster recovery procedures and backup strategies,the company is concerned that, next time, it will not be able to recover the EC2 instances ifthe AWS account was compromised and Amazon EBS snapshots were deleted.All EBS snapshots are encrypted using an AWS KMS CMK.Which solution would solve this problem?

A. Create a new Amazon S3 bucket. Use EBS lifecycle policies to move EBS snapshots tothe new S3 bucket. Move snapshots to Amazon S3 Glacier using lifecycle policies, andapply Glacier Vault Lock policies to prevent deletion.
B. Use AWS Systems Manager to distribute a configuration that performs local backups ofall attached disks to Amazon S3.
C. Create a new AWS account with limited privileges. Allow the new account to access theAWS KMS key used to encrypt the EBS snapshots, and copy the encrypted snapshots tothe new account on a recurring basis.stent.
D. Use AWS Backup to copy EBS snapshots to Amazon S3.



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